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Girl Child Education In India Essay For Kids

Meena (not her real name) didn't tell her parents when the older boys started harassing her on the hour-long walk to school from her home in Madanpur Khadar, south Delhi – grabbing her hand and shouting "kiss me" – because she knew she would get the blame, as if she had somehow encouraged them. She was right: when her family found out, they banned her from going back to school, worried about the effect on their "honour" if she was sexually assaulted. The plan now is to get her married. She is 16.

Gulafsha is luckier: her mother is determined she will become a doctor. But there are 70 pupils in a class at her school, and the teachers often simply don't turn up. The drinking water tanks are so filthy the pupils bring their own water. "I have never gone to a toilet at school in all these years, they are so bad," the 14-year-old says. She doesn't know how, but somehow her mother saves 900 rupees a month to pay for private tuition in three subjects.

Sumen, 35, is battling for her child's future, too. Her nine-year-old son has learning disabilities and she has tried and failed to get him into school every year since he was old enough. Finally, the authorities have agreed he should get some education, but it's only for one day a week. Sumen, a domestic help who never went to school herself, wonders if she should have tried to teach him at home: "But if I haven't studied, how much could I do for him?"

Four years ago, the World Bank upgraded India from a "poor" country to a middle-income one. As commentators were at pains to point out in November, when the UK announced it would end aid to India from 2015, the country has a space programme, 48 billionaires and its own aid budget. Under its Right to Education (RTE) Act, passed in 2009, a free and compulsory education is guaranteed for all children aged between six and 14, and the most recent figures for primary school enrolment stand at an impressive-sounding 98%.

But going to school, as those monitoring progress on the millennium development goal of achieving universal primary education have increasingly realised, is one thing: the quality of the education you get is another. Within government schools pupils face numerous challenges, says Oxfam India's Anjela Taneja. Overcrowded classrooms, absent teachers and unsanitary conditions are common complaints, and can lead parents to decide it is not worth their child going to school.

A 2010 report by the National Council for Teacher Education estimated that an additional 1.2 million teachers were needed to fulfil the RTE Act requirements, and last year the RTE Forum, a civil society collective of around 10,000 non-governmental organisations (NGOs), found that only 5% of government schools complied with all the basic standards for infrastructure set by the act. Some 40% of primaries had more than 30 students per classroom, and 60% didn't have electricity. The RTE Forum also reported official figures showing that 21% of teachers weren't professionally trained.

Earlier this year, the independent Annual Status of Education Report into rural schools found declining levels of achievement, with more than half of children in standard five – aged around 10 – unable to read a standard two-level text. "If you want to end child labour, you have to fix the education system," Taneja says. "People are aware of what education is and what it is not."

Nor do enrolment figures necessarily reflect who is actually attending school, she says. The number of primary age children not in school in India was put at 2.3 million in 2008, but other estimates suggest it could be as high as 8 million. According to an Indian government report, the primary drop-out rate in 2009 was 25%.

It is girls, and marginalised groups such as the very poor and the disabled, who are often left behind. While girls attend primary school in roughly equal numbers to boys, the gap widens as they get older and more are forced to drop out to help with work at home or get married.

Of the out-of-school children in 2008, 62% were girls; they make up two-thirds of illiterate 15- to 24-year-olds. And two-thirds of those not in school were from those lowest in the caste system, tribal groups and Muslim communities, despite those historically oppressed groups making up only 43% of India's children. Meanwhile, neighbourhood "low-budget" private schools serving low-income families desperate – like Gulafsha's mother – to provide their children with a "quality" education have mushroomed. But they are unregulated, and can lack trained teachers and proper infrastructure, says Taneja.

Madanpur Khadar, a "resettlement colony" begun in 2000 to house families moved on from newly cleared slums, has 145,000 residents. But the number of plots given out for homes is only really enough to accommodate around 60,000 to 70,000 people, explains Alok Thakur of Efrah (Empowerment for Rehabilitation, Academic & Health), a grassroots organisation working to promote socio-economic development in some of Delhi's poorest areas.

The buildings are made of brick, but 90% of households have no toilets, Thakur says. The sewers running along the edges of the bumpy, often unmade streets are only partially covered. Here and there great piles of glistening, treacle-dark sludge have apparently been dredged out. Animals root through heaps of rotting rubbish, and one large open space has become a shallow lake of foul-smelling filth. Pigs snuffle at the detritus littering its margins.

Kamlesh's hands quiver as she reads her testimony, the microphone bouncing her words off the surrounding buildings. Efrah has organised a "jan sunvai", or public hearing, giving residents the chance to air their grievances about the colony to a panel of experts, and the 35-year-old mother is speaking on education. At the area's three primary schools, the students number 2,176, 1,148 and 1,311, her submission says. They have 33, 14 and 20 teachers respectively. The quality and quantity of teaching is insufficient.

Inside one of the schools, some of the gloomy, bare-walled classrooms have low benches and desks. In others, the little girls sit on the floor, books in their laps. In several, no teacher is present; one man appears to be responsible for three of the small rooms. When the heavy metal gates at the entrance are opened at the end of the school day, an incredible crush of children pours into the squelchy mud of the lane outside.

Back at the hearing, the kind of street harassment suffered by Meena – sometimes referred to as "Eve-teasing" – and its effect on girls' education is another major concern. The brutal gang rape and murder of a Delhi student in December sparked protests across the country calling for changes in cultural attitudes and policing, but young women here say they feel scared by the way some men behave. "We complain to the police and [they] stand where they are and watch the girls being teased," Meenakshi, 18, tells the audience.

A series of measures have been brought in since the December attack aimed at making women safer, but despite these, there has been a spate of attacks on women in Delhi since the beginning of March, including four reported assaults on girls under 18. Only a fraction of such attacks are reported.

The Global Campaign for Education (GCE), a coalition of 26 NGOs and teaching unions, wants all nations to allocate at least 6% of GDP to education. India has been promising that since 1968, Taneja says, but the figure has never topped 4%, and it is currently 3.7%. It is an issue of political will, rather than a lack of cash, she suggests: education is not a vote-winning issue in a system of frequent elections, where pledges need to be deliverable immediately.

Nor do policymakers have a personal stake: the political classes don't tend to send their children to government schools. "It seems to me we can afford everything else," Taneja notes.

As the 2015 deadline for the millennium goal on primary education looms, the experiences of girls and women such as Meena, Gulafsha and Sumen have a particular resonance. On current trends, a Unesco-commissioned report concluded in October, the goal will be missed "by a large margin".

Progress was initially rapid, but has stalled since 2008, and 61 million children remain out of education. But as thoughts turn to replacement goals, attention is focusing not just on how to reach the remaining children, but on those who are now going to school but simply aren't learning, says Save the Children's Will Paxton, who leads on policy for the GCE UK. "The scale of the issue is pretty enormous," he says. "Not least because if they don't learn anything they disengage and drop out."

Targets to tackle inequality in who gets to go to school, and to push nations to help the most marginalised young people in education, will be another GCE focus. "Our argument is that the existing MDG doesn't really do enough to provide a strong incentive to worry about the hard-to-reach groups," Paxton says.

Meena, who comes from a Dalit family – the caste formerly known as "untouchables"– had imagined herself working for the police, or becoming a teacher. "My parents are looking for a boy for me," she says. "They say I can get married and then I can study. But I know that once I get married, it will become very difficult. My dream will never come true."

Some names have been changed

• Rachel Williams's trip was funded by the Global Campaign for Education UK and the National Union of Teachers

What we learned in Delhi, by Millie and Sam

Since returning from Delhi, Millie Wells has thought about girls like Meena a lot. "I was just walking to school and thinking how different my life is from hers," she says. "It's really hard to comprehend."

Millie, 15, from Ringwood school in Hampshire, and fellow pupil Sam Whittingham, 14, won the Steve Sinnott award to become 2013's young ambassadors for the Send My Friend to School campaign.

They travelled to Delhi to find out what stops children getting a good education, and now, armed with compelling first-hand accounts, will encourage other young people to lobby UK politicians on pushing for universal primary education.

Sam was impressed by the differences being made to children's lives by the projects he saw. "They knew they couldn't change everything in one go, but they helped small groups to chip away at the problem," he says.

The public hearing in Madanpur Khadar sticks in Millie's mind. "The people spoke with so much passion," she remembers. "They were trying to cope with what they had and campaign within their own community. It was amazing."

For free Send My Friend to School 2013 school packs and resources go to sendmy friend.org

Education is everyone’s right and it is one of the most crucial areas of empowerment for women. Educated woman contribute greatly to society’s development and they can share the responsibility of men in every walk of life. Education not only awakens people’s mind, but it also makes them self-dependent. Girl education in India is still a less preferred option in rural areas. Time has changed now and girls who are trusted by their parents and the society are doing wonders in every field. Indira Gandhi, Kiran Bedi, Lata Mangeshkar, etc are some of the great examples. Girl education is even helpful in preventing various crimes against women. Thus, it is important that girl education is promoted in rural areas and villages too so that every girl becomes independent and assertive.

Here we have provided both short and long paragraphs on Girl Education in order to help you whenever you need to write paragraphs, essay or small articles on Girl Education topic in the class, during exams, writing competitions, etc.

Long and Short Paragraph on Girl Education

Paragraph on Girl Education 1 (100 words)

Girls’ education and gender equality is very important for strengthening the society and lowering crime rates; but girl’s education today goes beyond just sending girls to school. It is also about ensuring girl’s safety while they are in school. Most of the parents in rural areas are now seem to be convinced in sending their girl child to school, but it is important that girls finish all necessary levels of education, learn extra skills and competencies for showcasing same level of competitiveness in the labour market. Education helps shape independent thinking of girls so as to enable them take decisions of their lives on their own and differentiate between right and wrong so that they are able to contribute towards societal development.


Paragraph on Girl Education 2 (150 words)

Girls are undoubtedly an indispensable part of our society. No society or culture can progress without the presence of girls. Until few years ago, people in India and several other underdeveloped and developing countries used to think that girls should stay at home, cook food and look after the kids and elderly. But now the mindset has been changed; girls in India are bringing accolades to their parents and they are doing well in every field such as academics, sports, politics, etc.

This could only be possible through encouraging girls’ education. Education is the only weapon that can empower girls and consequently strengthen the society. It is good to see that the modern age is changing its attitude towards girls and giving them all the support to prove their potential. Gender equality plays an important role in this change of attitude. Every girl is capable of doing extraordinary work provided they get proper education and upbringing.


Paragraph on Girl Education 3 (200 words)

Girls’ education and gender equality are the part of broader and holistic efforts made by the World Bank Group. It promotes girls’ education and ensures that girls do not suffer unreasonably in poor and vulnerable family due to lack of support and care. It also works towards advancing the skills and creating job opportunities for young girls and women.

Girls have equal rights to education; though education system may vary in curriculum, administration and personnel, but it has a strong influence on the students they serve. Gradually, women are asserting their independence, using their rights for creating education and job opportunities for themselves. Gender inequality is clearly one of the important roadblocks in girls’ education. Many communities in India still believe that boys are the only contender of their culture and tradition; and girls are born to serve within the four walls of a home.

Hence, it is important that holistic approach is adopted in order to encourage gender equality in each and every sphere whether it’s home, office or any other government institution, etc. The open and honest discussion on girls’ education and women empowerment can actually prove to be a solution to violence against females. Education will not only make them independent, but will also promote their sound mental development and give them a stronger personality.

Paragraph on Girl Education 4 (250 words)

Girls’ education is important from every perspective of life and society. Educated women lead a healthier life compared to the uneducated women; they participate in the family matters and in the formal labour markets too; earn well, marry at a considerable age and plan a family in a better manner. Not only do they take right decisions for themselves, but they also provide better education and health care options to their children. All these factors together can help eradicate poverty, crimes and disease rates. Girls’ education is an important element for the foundation of a strong society as well as forging a sound national identity.

Poverty and lack of knowledge are important factors for depriving girls from education. Different studies reveal that girl children in rural areas have to put up with a host of disadvantages such as low family income, lack of education, living in remote locations, inaccessibility to health and education centres, minority backgrounds, etc. Violence and various forms of crimes against women deprive them of gaining sound education and also living in a protected environment where they can gain an uninterrupted progress.

Fortunately in the present times, girls are gradually overcoming every social as well as psychological barrier. In fact, the government and NGOs are taking several steps in promoting girl’s education and gender equality. The latest campaign ‘Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao’ is one such example. It is also important that girls themselves come forward and make a contribution towards the progress of girl’s education. However, sadly most of the girls in rural areas still succumb to fate and accept whatever is decided for them. They need to understand that only education can help them in leading a better and empowered life. Education will not only change their way of thinking, but will also help them in improving their life and the life of their family.


Paragraph on Girl Education 5 (300 words)

Advocacy on girls’ education is often witnessed by the media, NGOs, trusts, government, etc but convincing everyone of girls’ education is still really quite a task in rural and remote regions. Even though girls today are competing with men in every sphere of life, but still there are many people who are against girls’ education. They believe that girls souls be confined to home because that’s their actual area of work; they even argue that money should not be wasted on girls’ education. This conventional view is absolutely baseless because time and again girls have proved themselves equally capable to that of boys.

Girls’ education can completely change the face of the society as girls are doing better in every field now-a-days. Every girl must be given an opportunity to study and shouldn’t be discriminated on the basis of their gender. In most of the villages, even today, a girl is forced to leave school and get married at an early age because they are considered to be the liability for the family. Uneducated girls in such circumstances face several crimes, such as related to dowry, domestic violence, etc.

Education certainly has the potential to change everything as it awakens people’s mind especially that of the girls. An educated girl can grow up to be one such person who is mentally sound enough to take the right decisions for herself. She will be empowered to decide the correct age for her marriage and giving birth to a child. Education is the only solution to several social problems or evils prevalent in a society. An educated girl can help earn livelihood for herself and support her family too. She can impart education to her children, thereby contributing to a better and educated society. Education improves knowledge; thus, an education girl can even save her children, family and herself from various types of diseases. An educated girl is a boon to the community because she is capable of giving a new social makeup to the society.

Paragraph on Girl Education 6 (350 words)

Girls’ education has always been a matter of discussion. Since ages, girls have been considered weaker and thus are suggested to stay at home and take care of the household issues. But time is changing now; girls today are crossing the borders of their respective houses and doing wonders. Girls who were presumed to be physically weak are to everyone’s surprise now joining the army, navy, air force, wrestling, shooting and every other field that was once considered to be the male dominated regions.

But still today, a considerable section of India, especially in rural areas, particularly parents still hesitate to send girls to schools. There are several reasons behind this and age-old mindset is one of the biggest reasons. In a country like India where a majority of population worship goddesses like Durga, Kali, Shakti, Saraswati, etc, it is really strange to notice that girls are not allowed to take their own decisions. Lack of education gives birth to several ill-practices as grave as child marriage, dowry system, domestic violence and various other crimes against women.

Government must take some important steps towards promoting girl education such as providing scholarships, stipends, certificates, etc to the girls in order to motivate them. Reducing distance to school would not only ensure safety of girls in remote areas, but would also encourage parents to send their daughters to school. It is also important that young boys and men are included in the discussions about societal and cultural practices and crimes against women; such discussions may change the conservative mindset of the male towards their female counterparts. In order to increase the confidence of girls and young women in the education system, authority must build safe and inclusive learning atmosphere for them.

Gender-sensitive curriculum would enhance their practical knowledge too, thereby preparing them for the future. More and more female teachers should be hired in schools; this would inspire girls to study harder and follow their teacher’s footprints. Government must also take firm steps to end early/child marriage; all these and several other steps would certainly increase the sense of responsibility in parents too and would motivate girls to gain education and grow up to be an independent person.


Paragraph on Girl Education 7 (400 words)


Girl education is highly important for bringing equality in the society and infusing confidence in females. Unfortunately majority of the girls in rural areas in India are still illiterate; government and various NGOs are taking several steps towards liberating women and girl education is one of the most important steps towards the same. Many schools and colleges are opened for girls. Girl education is certainly receiving a great encouragement and the move made by our country towards this direction is highly appreciated.

Benefits of Girl Education

An educated girl is an asset to the society in the form of a daughter, wife and mother and most importantly she is an example for herself. Women are gaining great recognition on national as well as international platform. Educated girls are working in every sphere of society such as banks, hospitals, private firms and government offices. They are also earning name and fame in sports, such as wrestling, cricket, shooting, etc and most of them have brought accolades to the country on an international level too. Only education has made it successful. Girl education has also led to their economic independence and gender equality. They are capable of taking their decisions and fighting against crimes such as dowry, child marriage, trafficking, etc.

Steps towards Girl Education

Unfortunately, most of the people in rural areas are still against girls’ education. Even if they send their daughters to schools, most of the girls cannot study beyond primary level due to poverty, considerable distance of the school, lack of safety in schools, etc. So our government needs to take more efficient steps in promoting girl education nationwide especially in the rural areas. Every village should have a school particularly for girls; safety of girls in schools must be increased so that girls can go to co-education schools as well. Special training should be given to girls to increase their skills which would help them in fetching jobs for themselves.

Education Specific to Girls

Though, there is no distinction between the syllabus of boys and girls in today’s education system; but it is also important that girls are also trained on extracurricular subjects such as health, hygiene, painting, music, cookery, arts, etc so that they can even begin their own venture, if required.


Education in general, is important for everyone and an educated girl is no less than any boy. Time has come when parents must start showing equal faith in the girl child too, only then the society and the nation would flourish.


Related Information:

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